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Antipsychotics May Induce ‘Respiratory Akathisia’

WESTPORT, CT (Reuters Health) Nov 29 2000 – Treatment
with antipsychotic
medications may induce a restlessness of
respiration, which is termed
“respiratory akathisia” in a report in the October
issue of the Journal of
Clinical Psychiatry.

[Fred A. Baughman Jr., MD:
Akathisia: unable to remain in sitting position, motor
restlessness, feeling of muscular movement, quivering.]

Dr. Shigehiro Hirose, of Fukui Prefectural Hospital
in Japan, describes five
cases in which “dyspnea as a sign of akathisia”
appeared after administration
of antipsychotic medications.

The patients were identified as having respiratory
akathisia after they
reported, upon physician questioning, a subjective
feeling of restlessness in
respiration. “The feeling was described as an
inability to breathe calmly and
comfortably, as well as an inability to stop
breathing,” Dr. Hirose writes.

In all cases the dyspnea appeared several weeks
after antipsychotic treatment
was initiated, and in all cases the “restlessness in
respiration disappeared
after the administration of agents known to be
effective in ameliorating
akathisia,” the author reports.

Based on his clinical experience, Dr. Hirose notes
that “respiratory
akathisia may not be clinically uncommon.” However,
“the wide difference in
reported incidence of akathisia” is related to
“whether emphasis is laid on
the subjective feelings or the objective movements
of akathisia.”

“Respiratory akathisia is a very subtle and
subjective symptom. If clinicians
do not ask patients about restlessness in
respiration, they may misdiagnose
the patients as having anxiety disorders or
exacerbated psychosis. Clinicians
should always consider the possibility that the
patients’ symptoms can be
related to side effects of antipsychotic treatment,
even in the newer
atypical antipsychotics,” Dr. Hirose told Reuters
Health. (J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61:737-741.)

[Fred A. Baughman Jr., MD:
Psychiatric drugs of all
sorts--antipsychotic/neuroleptic drugs, as well--are being given
increasingly, indiscriminately, to U.S. schoolchildren for psychiatric
disorders under the guise that they are diseases/abnormalities/chemical
imbalances, within the brain of the child, in need of treatment with
‘chemical balancers’—pills. There is no proof that the children thus
labeled are other than physically normal, and the Am. Psychiatric Assn.,
the Am. Acad. of Child & Adolesc. Psychiatry, the National Institutes
of Health, the NIMH, the FDA, the Am. Acad. of Pediatrics, the American
Academy of Neurology and the Am. Acad. of Family Practice, all know
it. And so, while there is no actual disease on the ‘risk’ side of the
‘risk’/ ‘benefit’ equation—only a contrived illusion of a disease--there
is abundant risk imposed by ‘treatment’ that invariably includes 1, 2,
3, 4 or 5 psychiatric drugs.

Consider the following testimony provided at the Federal Involvement in
the Use of Behavior Modification Drugs on Grammar School Children of The
Right to Privacy Inquiry Hearing Before Subcommittee on The Committee on
Government Operations House of Representatives 91st Congress, Second
Session September 29, 1970.

Dr. John D. Griffith, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Vanderbilt
University School of Medicine. –"I would like to point out that every
drug, however innocuous, has some degree of toxicity. A drug,
therefore, is a type of poison and its poisonous qualities must be
carefully weighed against its therapeutic usefulness. A problem, now
being considered in most of the Capitols of the Free World, is whether
the benefits derived from Amphetamines outweigh their toxicity. It is
the consensus of the World Scientific Literature that the Amphetamines
are of very little benefit to mankind. They are, however, quite toxic.
…after many years of clinical trials it is now evident that this
antidepressant effect of Amphetamines is very brief- on the order of
days. If a patient attempts to overcome this tolerance to the drug, he
runs the risk of becoming addicted and even more depressed." ……At this
point in time, the only real/actual disease for which Ritalin, Adderall,
Dexedrine, Gradumet, and other amphetamine can legally be prescribed is
narcolepsy. ADHD for which 99.9% of these drugs are prescribed, here in
North America, at least, has been nothing more than a series of
different marketplace conceptualizations of the American Psychiatric
Association, no one of which, has been validated as a disease due to a
confirming, diagnostic, abnormality within the child. I have just read
that the US and Canada consume 96 % of the world supply of these drugs.
Correction—we don’t consume them, we give them to our children to keep
them quiet, and to keep the psychopharm cartel and their political
sponsors, happy.]

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